Joydens Wood Junior School

'Jargon Buster' at Joydens Wood Junior School

This 'Jargon Buster' page aims to help you better understand and share your child's learning adventure. Click on the attachment below to view acronyms/abbreviations and phrases that are most commonly used today. There are two sections; 'In The Classroom' – things you may hear your child(ren) say, and 'The School' – things you may read in the Headteacher's newsletters or on the school website.

In The Classroom -




Responsible for running the school. Formerly Headmaster / Headmistress


Deputy Headteacher

The second most senior member of staff in school. The Deputy Headteacher will deputise in the absence of the Headteacher. 


Class teacher

Responsible for teaching the curriculum within the classroom


Senior Leadership Team

The leadership group within the school; The Head, Deputy Head, SENCo, FLO


Teaching Assistant

Helping the class teacher with instructional responsibilities. Sometimes can lead a class.


Higher Level Teaching Assistant

Covers PPA in our school.  Taken formal qualifications to reach this level


Letters and sounds

A way of teaching reading and writing with the use of sounds and symbols.



The small units of sound/speech that add to together to make up language.



eg- a, t, ch, f, p, sh..

The individual letters or group of letters that represent a phoneme / speech sound.


eg- sh, th, ai, ea, ow..

Two letters which together make one sound


eg- tch, igh, ear, air..

Three letters which together make one sound

Split Digraph

eg- _a_e,   _i _e

A digraph that is split by a consonant

Formerly known as “Magic e” – the 'e' reaches back to change the sound of the vowel before it.


Reading and writing

The overall ability to read and write



The ability to understand and work with numbers

Place Value

The value of each digit in a number

Understanding units – hundreds, tens and units/singles. For example, 573 = 500 and 70 and 3, rather than 5 + 7 + 3


Objects or materials in Maths

Pupils to touch and move around in order to learn mathematics


Early Years

Pre-school and Reception children.


Key Stage 1

Pupils aged 5-7; Years 1 and 2. Also known as Infants.


Key Stage 2

Pupils aged 7-11; Years 3, 4, 5 and 6. Also known as Juniors.


Lower Key Stage 2 / Upper Key Stage 2

Sometimes divided as Lower being Years 3/4 Lower and Upper being Years 5/6.



A 'snap shot' of how a child is doing, measured against age-related expectations, as marks / grades.



The progress a child makes based on their prior attainment.

Baseline Assessments

Assessment/test of pupils' attainment

For Reception pupils usually undertaken by the end of Term 1, they are later measured against assessments at end of Year 2.


Standard Assessment Tests/Tasks

Tests used for national curriculum assessment at the end of Year 2 and Year 6


Spelling Punctuation and Grammar

In Reading and Writing


Grammar Punctuation and Spelling

Currently also used in Reading and Writing


Religious Education

Teaching about religions in general and their varied aspects


Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship and Economic education.

Discrete lessons in learning and understanding themselves and others and the world around us.

Singapore Bar

A method to teach maths

Drawing long boxes of images to represent the objects or units being added/subtracted/shared etc.


Greater Depth

When a pupil has achieved beyond 'expected' attainment. Reading/Writing/Maths at KS1 and Writing at KS2.

High Score


When a pupil has achieved beyond 'expected' attainment at KS2 in Reading, Maths and GPS


The School -


Autistic Spectrum Disorder

A developmental disorder characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication, restricted or repetitive patterns of thought and behaviour.


The lessons as a whole

All the different courses/lessons that are taught in the school


Department for Education

Government department responsible for schools and children. Formerly DCSF.


English as Additional Language

Pupils with whom English is not their first language.


Education, Health and Care Plan

The document for children and young persons (from 0-25yrs) with Special Educational Needs

Formerly a 'Statement'


Education Welfare Officer

A professional who visits pupils' homes to deal with attendance or welfare matters, in cooperation with the school.


Temporary or permanent removal of a pupil from school.

Due to serious breaches of the school's behaviour/discipline policy. Can be internal or external. Formerly 'expelled' or 'suspended'.


Family Liaison Officer

Works with families, parents, carers and pupils to tackle underachievement, particularly the most disadvantaged or vulnerable pupils.



Free School Meals /

Universal Infant Free School Meals

For children in Reception, Year 1 and Year 2.

Pupils over infants age may be eligible for FSM if parents receive certain benefits.

Foundation School


A foundation school is a state-funded school in which the governing body has greater freedom in the running of the school than in community schools


Governing Board / Governing Body

The team of Governors responsible for the strategic direction of the school, overseeing pupil performance and financial performance.


Educating students with special educational needs

Recognising that no two learners are alike, inclusive schools place great importance on creating opportunities for pupils to learn and be assessed in a variety of ways.


Inclusion Manager

Non-class based member of staff combining the roles of SENCO, FLO and responsible for PP pupils.


Looked After Child

A pupil in care or fostered.

LA Maintained

Local Authority Maintained

The school is funded and overseen ('maintained') by the local authority / council.

Non-Contact days / Staff Development Days

Staff-only, children are not required to be in school on these days

Staff undergoing training or non-contact day due to twilight training (training in the evening) taken place throughout the term.

Were known as “Baker Days”

National Curriculum

The courses/lessons taught across the country

A set of subjects (at primary and secondary level) so children learn the same things nation-wide, and the standards children should reach in each subject.


Pupil Premium

Funding for schools to support pupils eligible for free school meals or have been eligible in the last six years (ever 6), LAC (in care, fostered) or in the armed forces.



All of the above except for armed forces


Parents and Teachers Association

A group of volunteer parents and teachers who organise activities and events to raise funds to help improve the school.


School Improvement Plan

The operational document describing how the school will work towards priorities and targets.


School Self-Evaluation Form

A collaborative, reflective process of internal school review. It provides teachers with a means of systematically looking at how they teach and how pupils learn and helps schools and teachers to improve outcomes for learners.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

Children and young people with special educational needs (SEN) all have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children / young people of the same age


Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator

Responsible for the day-to-day operation of the school's SEND policy.